When you install WordPress, there is user role management you get. This user system defines what a specific user is allowed to do on your website. By default, there are five user roles present in a WordPress site, and if you are a beginner, then it is essential to know the user roles and permission.
The five default user roles you get:
Let’s looking at each User Role (default) and their functions one by one.
Among all the default user roles in WordPress, the most powerful user role is the Administrator. This role is reserved for the website owners, and it gives you full access to your WordPress website.
If you have the user role of Administrator, then you can add new posts, delete and edit any posts of other users. Also, you can add new users to the website, remove any user from the website(even if the other user is Administrator, too). The best part of this administrator role is you have access to the information of other existing users, also their password.
With an administrator user role, you can install, delete, and edit themes and plugins both. So, be careful before assign an administrator user role to any other User.
If you have the user role of editor in the WordPress website, then you the control over the content sections of that website. You can add, delete, publish, and edit any posts on a WordPress website even if the posts written by other users. Also, you can moderate, delete, and edit any comments with an editor role.
With an editor user role, you cannot change site settings, add new users, and install themes and plugins. You don’t have permission to do all of these.
If you have the user role of the author in the WordPress website, then you can write, edit, publish, and delete your posts.
The disadvantage of this role is you cannot create categories, but you can choose from the existing categories and also add tags to your posts.
With the Author user role, you can view comments and pending reviews, but cannot approve, moderate, or delete any comments.
This author’s role doesn’t have permission to access the site settings, plugins, or themes. So this user role is low risky then editor or Administrator.
If you have the user role of Contributor in the WordPress website, then you can only add and edit your posts but cannot publish it. When you are writing a post, you have to choose categories which are existing because you cannot create new categories, but you allow to add tags to your posts.
The bigger problem with the contributor role is you cannot upload the file in your article. You can view comments (awaiting moderation also), but cannot approve or delete comments.
Also, the Contributor doesn’t have access to the website setting, themes, and plugins. Since this user role doesn’t have permission to change any settings on your website, it is risk-free.
If you have the user role of Subscriber in the WordPress website, then you can only allow to login and update your user profile on that site. If you can change your password, you can change it. However, with the Subscriber user role, you cannot do anything else like view comments, writing posts inside that WordPress admin area.
If you want users to login before they read the post or leave a comment, then this user role is Useful.